Health is a condition of mental, physical and emotional well-being where infirmity and illness are absent. The four P’s of health are Protection, Prevention and Treatment. Health includes all the four P’s and a balance of the other three. These are essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle that contributes to good health and to the maintenance of our bodies and minds.
The deficiencies in the four P’s contribute to the shortcomings in health and to the increasing health care disparities. This can be seen in the fact that many people are still suffering from the consequences of decades-long poverty and hunger. The widening economic gaps and the resulting widening health gaps have become the cause of alarm for people all over the world. We need to understand the causes and impact of these widening gaps and take remedial measures immediately. The health system in India has been working on this understanding and is making a significant contribution to narrowing the health care gap in the country.
It has been found that the four primary determinants of health are genetic, physiological, social and environmental factors. Indicators of unhealthy behavior such as smoking and drinking and the resulting epidemics of diabetes, cancer and obesity in individual adults in developed countries, are caused by individual behavior and the influence of environmental factors such as poor nutrition, exposure to toxins and air pollution. Individual behavior and the effect of environmental determinants can be altered and even avoided through changes in diet, exercise, and exposure to toxins and air pollution. The public health approach focuses on these individual behaviors and the effect of environmental determinants.
Policy makers and public health experts have been drafting policies to address current and future needs for adequate health care and prevention. Policy changes at the community level have been implemented to address social determinants of health and gaps in treatment. Public policies aim at promoting healthy lifestyles and decreasing the burden of medical expenditures through a variety of programs.
Health equity is one of the policy areas currently being addressed through public health initiatives. Health equity refers to the differences in health status and quality of life between people living in different economic and social conditions. In order to ensure that all residents have access to quality health care and appropriate coverage, steps are being taken to reduce the disparity between people and identify pockets of health disadvantage.
The rising costs of health care and the resultant lack of affordable insurance for many Americans has generated interest among citizens in identifying and dealing with health disparities. The increasing cost of health care and the resulting lack of affordable insurance for many Americans have generated interest among citizens in identifying and dealing with health disparities. Health equity refers to the differences in health status and quality of life between people living in different economic and social conditions. In order to ensure that all residents have access to quality health care and appropriate coverage, steps are being taken to reduce the disparity between people and identify pockets of health disadvantage.